Editing Mode is now enabled: Please hover over the topic, item or block you wish to edit. Drag and drop files onto course sections to upload them

History and Philosophy of Science and Mathematics

Republic of the Philippines

Bicol University


College of Education Graduate Program

Daraga, Albay


Course Syllabus


MA GenSciEd 203 - History and Philosophy of Science and Mathematics

1st Semester, SY 2015-2016




I.          COURSE TITLE      :           History Philosophy of Science and Math



The teaching of science should impart not only knowledge of scientific facts but also something of its nature, the limitations of the scientific method and the interactions of science, technology and society. This course is about science, its nature and history, why it has to be taught and how it progresses. This is also an exploration of themes in the History and Philosophy of Science, with special attention to the life and work of some philosophers and scientists. Beginning with the necessary background, this will study the development of the modern view with an eye to the conceptual and epistemological problems encountered in the transition of Science.


III.        TIME DURATION    :           54 hours


IV.       CREDIT UNITS       :           3


V.        PLACEMENT           :           Master of Arts in (Biology, Chemistry, Physics & General Science and Math) Education



                        At the end of the course, students should be able to:


  1. explain the students about the VMGO and Policies of BUCE Decentralized Graduate School
  2. explain the role of history and philosophy in teaching and learning   Science.
  3. articulate the need for increased quality of teaching and learning Science thru history & philosophy.
  4. develop strategies to integrate the history and philosophy in teaching Science.
  1. critically assess the status of teaching Science in the light of the History and Philosophy of the field;
  2. develop strategies to mold students  to become Science-oriented citizens that shall take active roles in the development of the
  3. distinguish real, reproducible Science from pseudoscience.





  1. Explain the HPS&M in the context of the VMGO of BUGS / decentralized Graduate School.
  2. Explain the rationale for studying history and philosophy of Science and Math
  3. Discuss the relevance of history and philosophy of Science to teaching and learning and relate it everyday life;
  4. Discuss the origins of Science;
  5. Identify scientists/philosophers and give their contributions in relation to history and philosophy of science;
  6. Explain the various theories concerning history and philosophy of science;
  7. Describe how Science progresses.




1. Orientation & VMGO of the Graduate School        


1.1 Vision, Mission, Goals and Objectives of BUCE
         Decentralized Graduate School  

1.2   Setting of Expectations

1.3 Introduction and rational of History and Philosophy of
        Science and Math  


3 hours


2. Nature of Science and Philosophy


2.1 Nature of Science

2.2 Characteristics of Science

2.3 Limitations of Science

2.4 Scientific laws , theories and hypothesis


3 hours

3. Contextualizing History and Philosophy of Science and Math

3.1  Present context of teaching Science and Math

3.2 Reasons and Implication of Teaching History and   
       Philosophy of Science

3.3  The role of Epistemology and History in the teaching of  
       Science and Math


3 hrs


4. Laying Foundations of Science and Math

            3.1  Getting Things in Perspective: Humans in Earth History

3.2 The Origin of Science             

a. Egyptian Science

b. Indian Science

c. Chinese Science

d. Greek Science

e. Other early civilizations which made significant
   contributions to the development of Science and


6 hours



 5. Early Men of Science 

  5.1 Individuals Who made a difference in Science and Math

  5.2 The development of Methods of Science


3 Hours





1 Hour

6. Samples of Scientific Writings and their Implication to HPS&M


            6.2 Copernicus

            6.3 Galileo

            6.4 Francis Bacon

            6.5 Isaac Newton

            6.6 Charles Darwin

            6.7 Albert Einstein

6 hours


7.    How Science Progresses


7.1 Beyond the Myth of Scientific Method: The ‘Theory-Loading’ of Facts

7.2 Different Theories, Different Facts: ‘Oxygen’ vs ‘Phlogiston’ in the 18th Century

7.3 Scientific Knowledge: Constructed or Discovered

7.4 The limitations of the Scientific Method

7.5  Kuhn’s Theory of History of Science

       a. Normal Science

       b. Revolutionary Science

       c. Paradigm Shift in Science

7.6 Conjectures and Refutations

7.7 Traditions in Science

      a. Influence on Scientific Method

      b. Influence on Concepts

7.8 Where has the Historical Progress in Science Brought Us?


15 hours


8.  The Changing Image of Science

8.1 The Changing  Philosophy of Science

8.2 Relevance of the “New” Philosophy of science for  
        Science Curricula

8.3 Implications of the “New” Philosophy of science for
        Science Curricula  in the context of the goals of Science

8.4 Democratic Values and Teaching


6 hours



9. Science Education in Philippine Society

9.1 Early Major Projects and Activities

9.2 Early Efforts to Improve Science Education

9.3 The Science Education Through The Decades


3 hours


10 Integrating the concepts and principles of  HPS &M in  Science Curriculum

10.1 Assessment of current Science curriculum  

10.2 Areas of Integration of HPS&M in current

10.3  Sample Lesson integrating HPS&M in teaching Science and Math


4 hours


                             FINAL EXAMINATION


1 hour





Presentation of various topics

Group Dynamics-and Processing

          Library research work

Case Studies

Video Presentation





  1. Documentary analysis of historical accounts of Early Civilization and its contribution to Science
  2. Video Analysis on various life and Works of Early men of Science
  3. Group discussion and synthesis on the development of Science from Kuhns Theory  of History of Science
  4. Critique of Science Education In the Philippines
  5. Planning on how to integrate the concept and principles of HPS& Math in Science teaching




            For the Midterm:

  1. Midterm Examination
  2. Short paper on critical analysis of contribution of ancient civilization to Science and Math (Individual)
  3. Assignment on Contribution of Early men of Science (Individual)
  4. Timeline on history of science and mathematics
  5. Active participation in class discussion
  6. Quizzes


For the Final:


  1. Final Examination
  2. A short paper on Kuhn
  3. Outputs of activities (Individual/Group)/poster presentation
  4. Answers of worksheets (Individual/Group)
  5. Active participation in class discussion
  6. Quizzes
  7. Reaction paper




  1. 1.    PowerPoint Presentation on HPS&M topics


  1. 2.    Video Presentation
    1. Ancient Civilizations and their Contribution  (Various Titles)
    2. Life of Early men of Science and their Contribution ( Various Titles)
    3. Elegant Universe





Midterm/Final Examination                                                           40%

Class Standing                                                                    10%



Outputs/Articles/Report/Research Works                        50%












The Nature of Science. Chapter 1: American Association for the Advancement of Science. 1990. <http://www.project2061.org/publications/sfaa/online/chap1.htm>

The Nature and Philosophy of Science. http://www.angelfire.com/mn2/tisthammerw/science.html

Teaching Science through History, SHiPS Resource Center <http://www1.umn.edu/ships/tool.htm>

Thomas S. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions


Newton’s Philosophy of Nature: Selections from his Writings,


Derek Hodson, Philosophy Of Science, Science And Science Education. Studies in Science Education n. 12, jan./jun., pages 25-57, 1985. Taylor & Francis Group. ISSN 0305-7267<http://www.ige.unicamp.br/site/aulas/120/Hodson.pdf>



                                                                                                                                                                  Prepared by:



                                                                          SHIELA I. ARROCO



Recommending Approval:



          JOCELYN L. RESARI  Ph.D.

Coordinator, Decentralized Graduate School









                                                                                     VICTOR  SOLIMAN, Ph.D